Jeong JH, JP Resop, ND Mueller, DH Fleisher, K Yun, EE Butler, DJ Timlin, K Shim, JS Gerber, VR Reddy, S Kim. (2016) Random Forests for Global and Regional Crop Yield Predictions. PLoS ONE 11(6): e0156571. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156571

Schipanski ME, GK MacDonald, S Rosenzweig, MJ Chappell, EM Bennett, RB Kerr, J Blesh, T Crews, L Drinkwater, JG Lundgren, C Schnarr. 2016. Realizing Resilient Food Systems. BioScience. doi10.1093/biosci/biw052

Wollenberg E, M Richards, P Smith, P Havlík, M Obersteiner, FN Tubiello, M Herold, P Gerber, S Carter, A Reisinger, D van Vuuren, A Dickie, H Neufeldt, BO Sander, R Wassmann, R Simmer, JE Amonette, A Falcucci, M Herrero, C Opio, R Roman-Cuesta, E Stehfest, H Westhoek, I Ortiz-Monasterio, T Sapkota, MC Rufino, PK Thornton, L Verchot, PC West, J-F Soussana, T Baedeker, M Sadler, S Vermeulen, BM Campbell. accepted. Reducing emissions from agriculture to meet the 2°C target. Global Change Biology.

Gerber, JS, KM Carlson, I Garcia, P Havlík, M Herrero, M Launay, D Makowski, ND Mueller, CS O’Connell, P Smith, PC West. Spatially explicit estimates of N2O emissions from croplands suggest climate mitigation opportunities from improved fertilizer management. Global Change Biologydoi: 10.1111/gcb.13341.

Leisher, C, G Temsah, F Booker, M Day, L Samberg, D Prosnitz, B Agarwal, E Matthews, D Roe, D Russell, T Sunderland, D Wilkie. 2016. Does the gender composition of forest and fishery management groups affect resource governance and conservation outcomes? A systematic map. Environmental Evidence Journal DOI: 10.1186/s13750-016-0057-8. 

Harris, RB, L Samberg, E Yeh, A Smith, W Wenying, W Junbang, Gaerrang, D Bedunah. 2016. Rangeland responses to pastoralists’ grazing management on a Tibetan steppe grassland, Qinghai Province, China. The Rangeland Journal 38(1).

Fry JP, DC Love, GK MacDonald, PC West, PM Engstrom, KE Nachman, RS Lawrence. 2016. Environmental health impacts of feeding crops to farmed fish. Environment International. 91:201-214. doi:

Chaplin-Kramer R, I Ramler, R Sharp, NM Haddad, JS Gerber, PC West, L Mandle, P Engstrom, A Baccini, S Sim, C Mueller, H King. 2015. Degradation in carbon stocks near tropical forest edges. Nature Communications. 6:10158. doi: 10.1038/ncomms10158.

Kolby Smith, Sasha C. Reed, Cory C. Cleveland, Ashley P. Ballantyne, William R.L. Anderegg, William R. Wieder, Yi Y. Liu, Steven W. Running. Large divergence of satellite and Earth system model estimates of global terrestrial CO2 fertilization. 2016.  Nature Climate Change DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2879

Oakleaf, JR, CM Kennedy, S Baruch-Mordo, PC West, JS Gerber, L Jarvis, J Kiesecker. 2015. A world at risk: aggregating development trends to forecast global habitat conversion. PLoS-ONE Published: October 7, 2015 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0138334

Smith, P, JI House, M Bustamante, J Sobocká, R Harper, G Pan, Paul C West, J Clark, T Adhya, C Rumpel, K Paustian, P Kuikman, MF Cotrufo, JA Elliott, R McDowell, RI Griffiths,, S Asakawa, A Bondeau, AK Jain, J Meersmans, and TAM Pugh. Global Change Pressures on Soils from Land Use and Management. 2015. Global Change Biology. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13068

Smith P, MF Cotrufo, C Rumpel, K Paustian, PJ Kuikman, JA Elliott, R McDowell, RI Griffiths, S Asakawa, M Bustamante, JI House, J  Sobocká, R Harper, G Pan, PC West, JS Gerber, JM Clark, T Adhya, RJ Scholes, and MC Scholes. 2015. Biogeochemical cycles and biodiversity as key drivers of ecosystem services provided by soils.  SOIL Discuss., 2, 537-586.

Kotschy K, R Biggs, T Draw, C Folke, PC West. 2015. “Principle 1: Maintain Diversity and Resilience” in Principles for Building Resilience: Sustaining ecosystem services in social-ecological systems (R Biggs, M Schluter, ML Schoon, eds.). Cambridge University Press.

Allred BW, WK Smith, D Twidwell, JH Haggerty, SW Running, DE Naugle, SD Fuhlendorf. 2015. Ecosystem services lost to oil and gas in North America. Science,348(6233), 401–402. doi:10.1126/science.aaa4785

Wieder WR, CC Cleveland, WK Smith, K Todd-Brown. 2015. Future productivity and carbon storage limited by terrestrial nutrient availability. Nature Geoscience, advance on. doi:10.1038/ngeo2413

Ray DK, JS Gerber, GK MacDonald, PC West. 2015. Climate variation explains a third of global crop yield variability. Nature Communications.  doi:10.1038/ncomms6989

MacDonald GK, KA Brauman, S Sun, ES Cassidy, KC Carlson, JS Gerber, PC West. 2015. Rethinking agricultural trade relationships in an era of globalization. BioScience. DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biu225

Grill G, B Lehner, AE Lumsdon, GK MacDonald, C Zarfl, CR Liermann. 2015. An index-based framework for assessing patterns and trends in river fragmentation and flow regulation by global dams at multiple scales. Environmental Research Letters. 10 015001 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/1/015001

Dickie, A, C Streck, S Roe, M Zurek, F Haupt, A Dolginow, J Amonette, M Elliott, MG Borgeson, E Hafkenschiel, C Parker, L Stanley, P West. 2014. Strategies for Mitigating Climate Change in Agriculture: Recommendations for Philanthropy – Executive Summary. Climate Focus and California Environmental Associates, prepared with the support of the Climate and Land Use Alliance. Report and supplementary materials available at:

Gray JM, S Frolking, EA Kort, DK Ray, CJ Kucharik, N Ramankutty, MA Friedl. 2014. Direct human influence on atmospheric CO2 seasonality from increased cropland productivity, Nature, 515, 398-401, doi:10.1038/nature13957

Chaplin-Kramer R, E Dombeck, JS Gerber, K Knuth, ND Mueller, M Mueller, G Ziv, A-M Klein. 2014. Global malnutrition overlaps with pollinator-dependent micronutrient production. 

West PC, JS Gerber, ND Mueller, KA Brauman, KM Carlson, ES Cassidy, PM Engstrom, M Johnston, GK MacDonald, DK Ray, and S Siebert. 2014. Leverage points for improving food security and the environment. Science. 345:325-328.

Carlson KM, LM Curran, AG Ponette-González, D Ratnasari, Ruspita, N Lisnawati, Y Purwanto, KA Brauman, and PA Raymond. 2014. Influence of watershed-climate interactions on stream temperature, sediment yield, and metabolism along a land use intensity gradient in Indonesian Borneo, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., doi:10.1002/2013JG002516.

Mueller ND, PC West, JS Gerber, GK MacDonald, S Polasky and JA Foley. 2014. A tradeoff frontier for global nitrogen use and cereal production. Environmental Research Letters 9:054002. (PDF)
Chosen as a “select article” by the journal’s editorial board.

Brauman KA, S van der Meulen and J Brils. 2014. “Ecosystem Services and River Basin Management.” In Towards Risk-Based Management of River Basins. W Brack, J Brils, D Muller, P Negrel, J Vermaat, eds. Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Springer. Heidelberg, Germany.

Brauman KA, S Seibert, JA Foley. 2013. “Improving crop water productivity increases water sustainability and food security–a global analysis.” Environmental Research Letters 8(2): 02403
→ Awarded “Video Abstract of the Month” by the journal’s editorial board.

Carlson KM and Curran LM. 2013. An update on carbon emissions from oil palm agriculture. Carbon Management 4:347-349.

Cassidy ES, PC West, JS Gerber, JA Foley. 2013. Redefining agricultural yields: from tonnes to people nourished per hectare. Environmental Research Letters8:034015
→ Awarded “paper of the year” by the journal’s editorial board.
→ Awarded “video abstract of the month” by the journal’s editorial board.

MacDonald, G. 2013. Eating on an interconnected planet. Environmental Research Letters.
Voted Perspective of the Month by the journal’s editors.

Liss KN et al. 2013. Variability in ecosystem service measurement: a pollination service case study. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11: 414–422.

Ponette-González AG, E Marin-Spiotta, KA Brauman, KR Young, K Farley. 2014. “Hydrologic Connectivity in the High-Elevation Tropics: Heterogeneous Responses to Land Change.” BioScience 64(2): 92-104 doi: 10.1093/biosci/bit013

Staudt A, AK Leidner, J Howard, KA Brauman, J Dukes, L Hansen, C Paukert, J Sabo, LA Solórzano. 2013. “The added complications of climate change: understanding and managing biodiversity and ecosystems.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11(9): 494–501

Ray, DK. 2013. Dry season precipitation over the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor is more sensitive to deforestation than to greenhouse gas driven climate change,Climatic Change, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-013-0753-0

Ray, DK. 2013. Tropical Montane Cloud Forests. Climate Vulnerability: Understanding and Addressing Threats to Essential Resources. Elsevier Inc., Academic Press, 79–85 pp

Ray, DK and JA Foley. 2013. Increasing global crop harvest frequency: recent trends and future directions. Environ. Res. Lett. 8 044041 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/4/044041

Ray DK, ND Mueller, PC West, JA Foley. 2013. Yield trends are insufficient to double global crop production by 2050. Public Library of Science – ONE. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.006642

Richter BD, D Abell, E Bacha, KA Brauman, S Calos, A Cohn, C Disla, S Friedlander O’Brien, D Hodges, S Kaiser, M Loughran, C Mestre, M Reardon, and E Siegfried. 2013. “Tapped Out: How can cities secure their water future?” Water Policy Journal 15(3): 335-363 doi:10.2166/wp.2013.105

West PC, R Biggs, BA McKenney, and C Monfreda. 2013. “Feeding the World and Protecting Biodiversity” in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity 2nd Edition (SA Levin editor). Waltham, MA: Academic Press. 3: 426-434.

Runge, C., Sheehan, J. & Senauer, B., 2012. Assessing the comparative productivity advantage of bioenergy feedstocks at different latitudes. ERL, 7(4) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/045906

Biggs R, M Schlüter, D Biggs, EL Bohensky, S BurnSilver, G Cundill, V Dakos, T Daw, L Evans,  K Kotschy, A Leitch, C Meek, A Quinlan, C Raudsepp-Hearne, M Robards, ML Schoon, L Schultz, PC West. 2012. Toward principles for enhancing the resilience of ecosystem services. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 37:421-448.

Brauman KA, DL Freyberg, GC Daily. 2012. “Land Cover Effects on Groundwater in the Tropics: Ecohydrologic Mechanisms.” Ecohydrology. 5: 435-444 (published online June 2011)

Brauman KA, DL Freyberg, GC Daily. 2012. “Potential Evapotranspiration from Forest and Pasture in the Tropics: A Case Study in Kona, Hawai’i.” Journal of Hydrology. 440-441:52-61

Keeler B, S Polasky, KA Brauman, K Johnson, J Finlay, A O’Neill, K Kovacs, B Dalzel. 2012. “Linking water quality and well-being for improved assessment and valuation of ecosystem services.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109 (45): 18619 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1215991109

Mueller ND, JS Gerber, DK Ray, N Ramankutty, JA Foley (2012). Closing yield gaps: Nutrient and water management to boost crop production. Nature, doi:10.1038/nature.2012.11306.

Ray DK, N Ramankutty, ND Mueller, PC West, JA Foley. 2012. Recent patterns of crop yield growth, stagnation, and collapse. Nature Communications. 3:1293 doi: 10.1038/ncomms2296

Staudt A, AK Leidner, J Howard, KA Brauman, J Dukes, L Hansen, C Paukert, J Sabo, LA Solórzano, K Johnson. 2012 “Chapter 5: Climate Change Effects on Already Stressed Biodiversity, Ecosystems, and Ecosystem Services” in Climate Change Impacts on Biodiversity, Ecosystems, and Ecosystem Services: Technical Input to the National Climate Assessment. Eds. S Carter, FS Chapin III, N Grimm, P Kareiva, M Ruckelshaus, M Staudinger, A Staudt, B Stein. USGS: Reston, VA.

Van Wart J, LGJ van Bussel, J Wolf, R Licker, P Grassini, A Nelson, H Boogaard, JS Gerber, ND Mueller, L Claessens, MK van Ittersum, KG Cassman. (2012). Use of agro-climatic zones to upscale simulated crop yield potential. Field Crops Research.

Brauman KA, DL Freyberg, GC Daily. 2011. “Land Cover Effects on Groundwater in the Tropics: Ecohydrologic Mechanisms.” Ecohydrology. (first published online: 7 June 2011; DOI: 10.1002/eco.236)

Foley JA, N Ramankutty, KA Brauman, ES Cassidy, JS Gerber, M Johnston, ND Mueller, C O’Connell, DK Ray, PC West, C Balzer, EM Bennett, SR Carpenter, J Hill, C Monfreda, S Polasky, J Rockström, J Sheehan, S Siebert, GD Tilman, DPM Zaks. Solutions for a Cultivated Planet, Nature 478 337-342 (doi:10.1038/nature10452) Read the article

Johnston M, R Licker, JA Foley, T Holloway, ND Mueller, C Barford and C Kucharik. 2011. Closing the gap: global potential for increasing biofuel production through agricultural intensification Environ. Res. Lett. 6 034026 (doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034028) (available at:
Download the full results (.zip)

Lee E, CC Barford, CJ Kucharik, JA Foley. 2011. Role of Turbulent Heat Fluxes over Land in the Monsoon over East Asia. International Journal of Geosciences, 2, 420-431 (doi: 10.4236/ijg.2011.24046).

West PC, HK Gibbs, C Monfreda, J Wagner, C Barford, SR Carpenter, JA Foley. 2011. Reply to Vermeulen and Wollenberg: Distinguishing food security and crop yields. PNAS Vol.108, No.0 E31. Read the article

Foley, JA. 2010. Boundaries for a healthy planet, Scientific American, 302(4), 54-57.

Gibbs HK, AS Ruesch, F Archard, M Clayton, P Holmgren, N Ramankutty, JA Foley. 2010. Tropical forests were the primary sources of new agricultural land in the 1980s and 1990s, PNAS, 107(38), 16732-16737.  Read the article

Licker R, M Johnston, JA Foley, CL Barford, C Monfreda, N Ramankutty. 2010. Mind the Gap: How do climate and agricultural management explain the “yield gap” of croplands around the world? Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00563.x

Sacks WJ, D Deryng, JA Foley, N Ramankutty. 2010. Crop planting dates: An analysis of global patterns, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 19, 607–620.

West PC, GT Narisma, CC Barford, CJ Kucharik, JA Foley. 2010. An alternative approach for quantifying climate regulation by ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2011; 9(2): 126–133, doi:10.1890/090015 (published online 23 Feb 2010). Read the acticle

West PC, HK Gibbs, C Monfreda, J Wagner, C Barford, SR Carpenter, JA Foley. 2010. Trading carbon for food: global comparison of carbon stocks vs. crop yields on agricultural land. PNAS Vol.107, No.46 19645-19648; doi:10.1073/pnas.1011078107. Read the article

Institute on the Environment