Household Stove Change-Out
Air pollution is the biggest environmental contributor to mortality and the second-biggest environmental contributor to global disease worldwide. In developing countries, indoor air pollution contributes greatly to this toll. Burning solid fuels in household stoves for cooking and heating not only harms health but also contributes to carbon emissions and climate change.
In this project, an interdisciplinary team of researchers is exploring a neighborhood-scale stove change-out program to reduce emission of air pollutants by allowing users to shift from conventional stoves to a less-polluting “improved” stove. The researchers will measure air pollution and health impacts of the change-out program and also explore opportunities for establishing financially sustainable businesses to implement the change-out.
The initial focus is on a single location in India. However, the results will be informed by and relevant to issues worldwide, including international efforts to reduce the threat of global climate change by developing international carbon markets.
Year 1 Progress Report (January 2012)
During the project's first year, team members identified the households participating in the study (all in Karnataka, India). Before delivering the new stoves, the team collected household data related to cardiovascular health, air pollution and livelihood. Next steps include delivering cleaner-burning stoves to half the households and collecting post-intervention data for all households. At the end of the study, all households will receive a new stove. Team members expect the new stoves will improve the lives of these individuals by helping reduce indoor air pollution and improving cardiovascular health.