Selecting cost-effective plant mixes to support pollinators.
Williams, N.M. and E.V. Lonsdorf. In press. Biological Conservation.

Ecology and economics of using native managed bees for almond pollination.
Koh, I., E.V. Lonsdorf, D. Artz, T. Pitts-Singer and T. H. Ricketts. In press. Journal of Economic Entomology.

Distilling the role of ecosystem services in the Sustainable Development Goals
Wood, S. L. R., Jones, S. K., Johnson, J. A., Brauman, K. A., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Fremier, A., Girvetz, E., Gordon, L. J., Kappel, C. V., Mandle, L., Mulligan, M., O’Farrell, P., Smith, W. K., Willemen, L., Zhang, W., DeClerck, F. A. 2018. Ecosystem Services 29 (Part A), 70-82. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.10.010.

A geofinancial engineering initiative: using real-time environmental data from satellites to move financial markets and improve climate outcomes

Kriss, M. R., J. J. Hellmann, E. Lonsdorf, N. Springer, P. H. K.s, M. Horster. 2017. Journal of Environmental Investing 8, 129-159. (PDF with Commentary on Environmental Research Web)

A Tool for Selecting Plants When Restoring Habitat for Pollinators

M’Gonigle, L. K, Williams, N. M., Lonsdorf, E., Kremen, C. 2017. Conservation Letters 10 (1), 105–111. doi: 10.1111/conl.12261

Mainstreaming ecosystem services in state-level conservation planning: progress and future needs.

Noe, R. R., B. L. Keeler, M. A. Kilgore, S. J. Taff, and S. Polasky. 2017. Ecology and Society 22 (4). doi:10.5751/ES-09581-220404

To what extent can ecosystem services motivate protecting biodiversity

Dee, L. E., M. De Lara, C. Costello, S. D. Gaines. 2017. Ecology Letters 20 (8). doi:10.1111/ele.12790

Do Social–Ecological Syndromes Predict Outcomes for Ecosystem Services? – a Reply to Bodin et al.

Dee, L. E., R. Thompson, F. Massol, A. Guerrero, D. A. Bohan. 2017. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32 (8), 549-552. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2017.06.001

Society Is Ready for a New Kind of Science—Is Academia?

Keeler, B. L., R. Chaplin-Kramer, A. D. Guerry, et al. 2017. BioScience 67 (7), 591-592. doi: 10.1093/biosci/bix051

Cost-effective Land Use Planning: Optimizing Land Use and Land Management Patterns to Maximize Social Benefits

Pennington, D. N., B. Dalzell, E. Nelson, D. Mulla, S. Taff, P. Hawthorne, S. Polasky. 2017. Ecol. Econ. 139, 75-90. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.04.024

Life cycle assessment needs predictive spatial modelling for biodiversity and ecosystem services

Chaplin-Kramer, R., S. Sim, P. Hamel, B. Bryant, R. Noe, C. Mueller, G. Rigarlsford, M. Kulak, V. Kowal, R. Sharp, J. Clavreul, E. Price, S. Polasky, M. Ruckelshaus, and G. Daily. 2017. Nature Communications 8. doi: 10.1038/ncomms15065

Priorities to Advance Monitoring of Ecosystem Services Using Earth Observation

Cord, A. F., K. A. Brauman, R. Chaplin-Kramer, A. Huth, G. Ziv and R. Seppelt. 2017. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 32 (6), 416-428.  doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2017.03.003

Ecosystem services in the Great Lakes

Steinman, A. D., B. J. Cardinale, W. R. Munns, M. E. Ogdahl, J. D. Allan, T. Angadi, S. Bartlett, K. Brauman, M. Byappanahalli, M. Dos, et al. 2017. Journal of Great Lakes Research 43 (3), 161-168. doi: 10.1016/j.jglr.2017.02.004

Strengthening protected areas for biodiversity and ecosystem services in China

Xu, W., Y. Xiao, J. Zhang, W. Yang, L. Zhang, V. Hull, Z. Wang, H. Zheng, J. Liu, S. Polasky, L. Jiang, Y. Xiao, X. Shi, E. Rao, F. Lu, X. Wang, G. C. Daily, and Z. Ouyang. 2017. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 114 (7), 1601-1606. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1620503114

Effects of Land Use Change for Crops on Water and Carbon Budgets in the Midwest USA

Sun, T. E. Twine, J. Hill, R. Noe, J. Shi, and M. Li. 2017. Sustainability 9 (2), 225. doi: 10.3390/su9020225

Multi-site interactions: Understanding the offsite impacts of land use change on the use and supply of ecosystem services

Sonter, L. J., J. A. Johnson, C. C. Nicholson, L. L. Richardson, K. B. Watson, T. H. Ricketts. 2017. Ecosystem Services 23, 158-164. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.12.012

Optimizing investments in national-scale forest landscape restoration in Uganda to maximize multiple benefits

Gourevitch, J. D., P. L. Hawthorne, B. L. Keeler, C. R. Beatty, M. Greve and M. A. Verdone. 2016. Environmental Research Letters 11 (11). doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/11/114027

Guiding phosphorus stewardship for multiple ecosystem services

MacDonald, Graham K., Helen P. Jarvie, Paul J. A. Withers, Donnacha G. Doody, B. L. Keeler et al. 2016. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability 2 (12). doi: 10.1002/ehs2.1251

Greenhouse gas emissions intensity of global croplands

M. Carlson, J. S. Gerber, N. D. Mueller, M. Herrero, G. K. MacDonald, K. A. Brauman, P. Havlik, C. S. O’Connell, J. A. Johnson, S. Saatchi, and P. C. West. 2016. Nature Climate Change 7, 63-68. doi: 10.1038/nclimate3158

Operationalizing network theory for ecosystem service assessments

Dee, L. E., Allesina, S., Bonn, A., Eklöf, A., Gaines, S., Hines, J., Jacob, U., McDonald-Madden, E., Possingham, H., Schröter, M., and Thompson, R. 2017. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 32 (2), 118-130. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2016.10.011

The social costs of nitrogen

L. Keeler, J. D. Gourevitch, S. Polasky, F. Isbell, C. W. Tessum, J. D. Hill, J. D. Marshall. 2016. Science Advances 2 (10). doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1600219

Functional diversity of catch mitigates negative effects of temperature variability on fisheries yields.

E. Dee, S. J. Miller, L. E. Peavey, D. Bradley, R. R. Gentry, R. Startz, S.n D. Gaines, S. E. Lester. 2016. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 283 (1836). doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.1435

Incorporating climate change into ecosystem service assessments and decisions: A review.

Runting, R., Bryan, B., Dee, L.E., Maseyk, F., Mandle, L., Hamel, P., Wilson, K., Yetka, K., Possingham, H., Rhodes, J. 2016. Global Change Biology 23 (1). doi: 10.1111/gcb.13457

Assessing uncertainty in the profitability of prairie biomass production with ecosystem service compensation

Noe, R. R., E. R. Nachman, H. R. Heavenrich, B. L. Keeler, D. L. Hernández, J. D. Hill. 2016. Ecosystem Services 21, 103-108. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.05.004

Remote sensing of species dominance and the value for quantifying ecosystem services

Pau, S. and L. E. Dee. 2016. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 2 (3), 141-151. doi: 10.1002/rse2.23

Reducing human nitrogen use for food production

Liu, J., K. Ma, P. Ciais and S. Polasky. 2016. Scientific Reports 6. doi: 10.1038/srep30104

Bigger is better: Improved nature conservation and economic returns from landscape-level mitigation

Kennedy, C. M., D. A. Miteva, L. Baumgarten, P. L. Hawthorne, K. Sochi, S. Polasky, J. R. Oakleaf, E. M. Uhlhorn and J. Kiesecker. 2016. Science Advances 2 (7). doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1501021

Managing forest ecosystem services for hydropower production

Vogl, A. L., P. J. Dennedy-Frank, S. Wolny, J. A. Johnson, P. Hamel, U. Narain and A. Vaidya. 2016. Environmental Sciences & Policy 61, 221-229.  doi: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.03.004

Ecosystem Services Connect Environmental Change to Human Health Outcomes

Bayles, B. R., K. A. Brauman, J. N. Adkins, B. F. Allan, A. M. Ellis, T. L. Goldberg, C. D. Golden, D. S. Grigsby-Toussaint, S. S. Myers, S. A. Osofsky, T. H. Ricketts and J. B. Ristaino. 2016. EcoHealth 13 (3), 443-449. doi: 10.1007/s10393-016-1137-5

Improvements in ecosystem services from investments in natural capital

Ouyang, Z., H. Zheng, Y. Xiao, S. Polasky, J. Liu, W. Xu, Q. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Xiao, E. Rao, L. Jiang, F. Lu, X. Wang, G. Yang, S. Gong, B. Wu, Y. Zeng, W. Yang and G. C. Daily. 2016. Science 352, 1455-1459.  doi: 10.1126/science.aaf2295

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) lands provide ecosystem service benefits that exceed land rental payment costs

A. Johnson, B. J. Dalzell, M. Donahue, J. Gourevitch, D. L. Johnson, G. S. Karlovits, B. Keeler, J. T. Smith. 2016. Ecosystem Services 18, 175-185. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.03.004

Spatial patterns of agricultural expansion determine impacts on biodiversity and carbon storage.

Chaplin-Kramer, R., Sharp, R. P., Mandle, L., Sim, S., Johnson, J. A., Butnar, I., Milà i Canals, L.; Eichelberger, B. A., Ramler, I., Mueller, C., McLachlan, N., Yousefi, A., King, H., Kareiva, P. M. 2015. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. PNAS. Published ahead of print June 15, 2015. doi:10.1073/pnas.1406485112

National indicators for observing ecosystem service change

Karp, D. S., Tallis, H., Sachse, R., Halpern, B., Thonicke, K., Cramer, W., Mooney, H., Polasky, S., … Wolny, S. 2015. Global Environmental Change. 35, 12-21. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.07.014

Towards integrated social–ecological sustainability indicators: Exploring the contribution and gaps in existing global data

Selomane, O., Reyers, B., Biggs, R., Tallis, H., and Polasky, S. 2015. Ecological Economics. 118, 140-146. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.07.024

Best Practices for Integrating Ecosystem Services into Federal Decision Making

Olander, L.; R. J. Johnston; H. Tallis; J Kagan; L. Maquire; J. Boyd, S. Polasky; L. Wainger. Technical Report. 2015. doi:10.13016/M2CH07

Groundwater and Ecosystem Services: A Framework for Managing Smallholder Groundwater-Dependent Agrarian Socio-Ecologies – Applying An Ecosystem Services And Resilience Approach in Colombo, Sri Lanka

Contributing author: K. Brauman. 2015. International Water Management Institute (IWMI). CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). 25p. doi: 10.5337/2015.208

Get on the ecosystem services bandwagon

Brauman, K. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. Published June 28, 2015. doi: 10.1002/ieam.1654

What if solar energy becomes really cheap? A thought experiment on environmental problem shifting

van den Bergh, J.; C. Folke; S. Polasky; M. Scheffer; W. Steffen. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. June 2015, Vol. 14, pp 170-179. doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2015.05.007

Notes from the field: Lessons learned from using ecosystem services to inform real-world decisions

Ruckelshaus, M., E. McKenzie, H.M. Tallis, A.D. Guerry, G.C. Daily, P.M. Kareiva, S. Polasky, T. Ricketts, N. Bhagabati, S. Wood, and J. Bernhardt. 2015. Ecological Economics. 115: 11-21. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.07.009

Natural capital and ecosystem services informing decisions: from promise to practice

Guerry, A.D., S. Polasky, … B.L. Keeler, et al. 2015. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. PNAS. June 16, 2015, Vol. 112 (24), 7348-7355. doi:10.1073/pnas.1406490112

Setting the bar: Standards for ecosystem services

Polasky, S., H. Tallis, B. Reyers. 2015. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. PNAS. June 16, 2015, Vol. 112 (24), 7356-7361. doi:10.1073/pnas.1406490112

Impacts of conservation and human development policy across stakeholders and scales

Li, C., H. Zheng, … S. Polasky, et al. 2015. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. PNAS. June 16. 2015, Vol. 112 (24): 7396-7401. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1406486112

Get the science right when paying for nature’s services: Few projects adequately address design and evaluation

Naeem, S., J.C. Ingram, A. Varga, … S. Polasky, et al. 2015. Science. 347: 1206-1207. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa1403

A sustainability framework for assessing trade-offs in ecosystem services

Cavendar-Bares, J., S. Polasky, E. King, and P. Balvanera. 2015. Ecology and Society. 20(1): 17. doi: 10.5751/ES-06917-200117

Ecosystem service trade-offs across global contexts and scales

Cavendar-Bares, J., E. King, P. Balvanera, and S. Polasky. 2015. Ecology and Society. 20(1): 22. doi: 10.5751/ES-07137-200122

Confused at the crossroads. Review of Supply Shock: Economic Growth at the Crossroads and the Steady State Solution

Polasky, S. 2015. BioScience. 65(3): 329-331. doi: 10.1093/biosci/biu232

The biodiversity-dependent ecosystem service debt

Isbell, F., D. Tilman, S. Polasky, and M. Loreau. 2015. Ecology Letters. Feb. 2015, 18(2): 119-134. doi: 10.1111/ele.12393

Rethinking Agricultural Trade Relationships in an Era of Globalization.

MacDonald, G. K.; K. A. Brauman; S. Sun; K. M. Carlson; E. S. Cassidy; J. S. Gerber; P. C. West. BioScience. February 11, 2015. doi:10.1093/biosci/biu225

Recreational demand for clean water: Evidence from geotagged photographs by visitors to lakes

Keeler, B., S. Wood, S. Polasky, C. Kling, C. Filstrup, J. Downing. 2015. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. doi: 10.1890/140124

Energy as a driver of change in the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River basin

Kelly, B., B. Keeler, G. Helm, G. Krantzberg, T. Lyon, W. Mabee. 2015. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 2015, Vol. 41, 59-68. doi:10.1016/j.jglr.2014.11.019

Courting disaster: how diversification mode affects fitness under risk

Ratcliff, W.C., P. Hawthorne, and E. Libby. 2015. Evolution. 69: 126-135. doi: 10.1111/evo.12568

Managing water services in tropical regions: From land cover proxies to hydrologic fluxes

Ponette-González; Alexandra G.; Kate A. Brauman; Erika Marín-Spiotta; Kathleen A. Farley; Kathleen C. Weathers; Kenneth R. Young; Lisa M. Curran. AMBIO. November 29, 2014. doi: 10.1007/s13280-014-0578-8

Estimating the external costs of nitrogen fertilizer in Minnesota.

Keeler, B.L. and J. Gourevitch. 2014. A report prepared for the Minnesota Center for Environmental Advocacy.

Does aquaculture add resilience to the global food system?

Troell, M., R. Naylor, M. Metian, M. Beveridge, P. Tyedmers, C. Folke, K. Arrow, S. Barrett, A-S. Crépin, P. Ehrlich, Å. Gren, N. Kautsky, S. Levin, K. Nyborg, H. Österblom, S. Polasky, M. Scheffer, B. Walker, T. Xepapadeas, and A. de Zeeuw. 2014. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. PNAS. Vol. 111: 13257-13263. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1404067111

Impacts of Land-Use Change on Groundwater Supply: Ecosystem Services Assessment in Kona, Hawaii

Brauman, Kate A.; David L. Freyberg; Gretchen C. Daily. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. November 20, 2014, A4014001. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000495

Toward a more resilient agriculture

Bennett, E., S.R. Carpenter, L.J. Gordon, N. Ramankutty, P. Balvanera, B. Campbell, W. Cramer, J. Foley, C. Folke, L. Karlberg, J. Liu, H. Lotze-Campen, N.D. Mueller, G.D. Peterson, S. Polasky, J. Rockström, R.J. Scholes, and M. Spierenburg. 2014. Solutions. Vol. 5(5): 65-75.

Global agriculture and carbon tradeoffs

Johnson, J.A., C.F. Runge, B. Senauer, J. Foley, and S. Polasky. 2014. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. PNAS. Vol. 111: 12342-12327. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1412835111

Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts

Contributing author: S. Polasky. 2014. National Research Council, Water Science and Technology Board, Ocean Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Committee on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Water Resources Science, Engineering and Planning: Coastal Risk Reduction. Washington, DC, National Academies Press.

Land-use change and costs to rural households: A case study in groundwater nitrate contamination

Keeler, B.L. and S. Polasky. 2014. Environmental Research Letters. Vol. 9(7): 074002. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/7/074002

Climate engineering reconsidered

Barrett, S., T.M. Lenton, A. Millner, A. Tavoni, S. Carpenter, J.M. Anderies, F. S. Chapin III, A.S. Crépin, G. Daily, P. Ehrlich, C. Folke, V. Galaz, T. Hughes, N. Kautsky, E.F. Lambin, R. Naylor, Karine Nyborg, S. Polasky, M. Scheffer, J. Wilen, A. Xepapadeas, A. de Zeeuw. Nature Climate Change. July 2014, Vol. 4(7): 527–529. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2278

Sustainability for the nation: Resource connections and governance linkages

Gradel, T.E., D. Swackhamer, R. Anex., W.F. Carroll, Jr., G.T. Daigger, P. Ferrao, H. Frumkin, S. Katzen, A. Palmisano, S. Polasky, L. Scarlett, R. Stephens, and L Zeise. 2014. Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 48(13): 7197-7199. doi: 10.1021/es502328v

Projected land-use change impacts on ecosystem services

Lawler, J.J., D.J. Lewis, E.Nelson, A.J. Plantinga, S. Polasky, J.C. Withey, D.P. Helmers, S. Martinuzzi, D. Pennington, V.C. Radeloff. 2014. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. PNAS. Vol. 111(20): 7492-7497. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1405557111

A tradeoff frontier for global nitrogen use and cereal production

Mueller, N., P. West, J. Gerber, G. MacDonald, S. Polasky, J. Foley. 2014. Environmental Research Letters. Vol. 9(5): 054002. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/5/054002

Implementing the optimal provision of ecosystem services

Polasky, S., D. Lewis, A. Plantinga, and E. Nelson. 2014. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. PNAS. Vol. 111 (17): 6248-6253. doi:


The optimal management of renewable resources under the risk of potential regime shift

Ren, B. and S. Polasky. 2014. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control. 40: 195-212. doi:10.1016/j.jedc.2014.01.006